Updated: Aug 5, 2022
Article 370 of the Indian constitution an article that gives autonomous status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The article is draft in part XXI of the constitution: temporary, transition and special provision.
Under Article 370:-
under article 370, a citizen from another state cannot buy property in J&K.
Parliament need the J&K Govt’s approval for applying laws in the state except in the case of defense, foreign affair finance, and communication.
Central Govt. has no power to declare a financial emergency in the state.
J&K have separated constitution, state flag.
People of J&K enjoy dual citizenship.
In J&K Supreme Court order was not followed, no Panchayati raj available, no RTI and CAG work. The work of assembly was 6 year while in another state it is only 5 year.
Under 370 Pakistani gets Indian citizenship.
ARTICLE 35A of the India constitution is an article that allows the J&K state legislature to define “permanent resident “of the state and provide special rights and privileges to those permanent residents.
The people of J&K get permanent residents only.
Only J&K people take state scheme benefits such as higher education, health care facilities.
None permanent resident of the state, even if Indian citizenship were not entitled to these privileges.
J&K Reorganization Bill 2019:-
According to J&K reorganization bill passed on 5 august, 2019 president Ram Nath Kovind issued a constitutional order revoking the 1954 order and making all the provisions of the Indian constitution applicable to J&K.
The bill passed in both houses of parliament, which proposes to divide the state of J & K into two union territories J&K and Ladhak.
Positive aspects of revoking article 370 and 35A:-
The decision is very good to bind the J & K state with India. Earlier J&K look deferent from another state because of their special right and deferent constitution.
But now, J&K will continue to have a common high court and same flag because of the feeling of nationalism would be increase.
Women, Dalits, tribal and minorities of J&K are now a citizen of India.
Citizen of other state are able to buy land in J&K.
MNC’s and other privet sector setup because of industrialization take place and people of J&K get jobs.
Automatically as terrorism decrease when people get a job.
Tourism also, increase and outside the state, persons can have their home in this heaven.
Citizen of another state will get an education in J&K schools and universities this will increase the crowd of new scholars and talent.
Women’s after marriage do not lose them citizenship.
RTI & CGI will perform their task.
New Assembly will have 5 years of duration in place of 6 years before.
We can say that terrorist attacks also decrease after revoking article 370 and 35A.
In the coming years J&K lost their beauty because of industrialization and MNC’s , institutes and hotels were setups when the population increase which disturbs the environment and increases pollution, as the other states of India, are already struggling to reduce the pollution.
The same example we clearly saw in Dehradun called “Queen of the Hills” the study says that Dehradun is among the top five Polluted cities in India.
Govt. need to take some strict action to save the beauty, tradition, and Culture of J&K.